Dominic Murray Sudden Cardiac Arrest Prevention Act

Law as of July 1, 2022

The Dominic Murray Sudden Cardiac Arrest Prevention Act is a new law as of July 1, 2022. This law requires schools, students, and parents/guardians have information on sudden cardiac arrest risks, signs, and symptoms. Please note that sudden cardiac arrest in children and youth is rare. The incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) on the playing field is 0.61 in 100,000*.

*Maron BJ, Doerer JJ, Haas TS, et al. Sudden deaths in young competitive athletes: analysis of 1866 deaths in the United States, 1980- 2006. Circulation 2009;119:1085-92. 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.804617

 


Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA)

Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) is an emergency that happens when the heart suddenly stops working. SCA can cause death if not treated immediately, and even with treatment death may occur. Immediate treatment is cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and use of an automatic external defibrillator (AED). All public schools must have a staff member trained in the use of CPR and AED in school and at all school athletic events. 

 


Preventing SCA 

Preventing SCA before it happens is the best way to save a life*. 

Both your family health history and your child’s personal history must be told to healthcare providers to help them know if your child is at risk for sudden cardiac arrest. Ask your child if they are having any of the symptoms listed below and tell a healthcare provider. Know your family history and tell a healthcare provider of any risk factors listed below. 

*Maron BJ, Doerer JJ, Haas TS, et al. Sudden deaths in young competitive athletes: analysis of 1866 deaths in the United States, 1980- 2006. Circulation 2009;119:1085-92. 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.804617


Signs or Symptoms

  • Fainting or seizure, especially during or right after exercise or with excitement or startled
  • Racing heart, palpitations, or irregular heartbeat
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, or extreme fatigue with exercise
  • Chest pain or discomfort with exercise
  • Excessive shortness of breath during exercise
  • Excessive, unexpected fatigue during or after exercise

 


Student’s Personal Risk Factors

  • Use of diet pills, performance-enhancing supplements, energy drinks, or drugs such as cocaine, inhalants, or “recreational” drugs*
  • Elevated blood pressure or cholesterol
  • History of health care provider ordered test(s) for heart-related issues
*SCA Prevention Toolkit – Eric Paredes Save A Life Foundation (epsavealife.org)


Student’s Family History Risk Factors

  • Family history of known heart abnormalities or sudden death before 50 years of age
  • Family members with unexplained fainting, seizures, drowning, near drowning, or car accidents before 50 years of age
  • Structural heart abnormality, repaired or unrepaired
  • Any relative diagnosed with the following conditions:

           - Enlarged Heart/ Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy/Dilated Cardiomyopathy                 
           - Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy
           - Heart rhythm problems, long or short QT interval
           - Brugada Syndrome
           - Catecholaminergic Ventricular Tachycardia
           - Marfan Syndrome- aortic rupture
           - Heart attack at 50 years or younger
           - Pacemaker or implanted cardiac defibrillator (ICD)

 


Interval Health History for Athletics

SCA in students at risk can be triggered by athletic activities. To decrease any chance of SCA in a student, the Interval Health History for Athletics must be completed and signed by a parent/guardian before each sports season unless a physical examination has been conducted within 30 days before the start of the season. This form has questions to help identify changes since the last physical examination or health history was completed. School personnel may require a student with health or history changes to see a healthcare provider before participating in athletics. The form can be downloaded by clicking the pdf icon and NYSED Interval Health Form 2022 below.

A hard copy of the form must be submitted to the head coach of the sport.  Please do not email us the completed form.

The law requires all students participating in interscholastic athletics or intramurals to have the New York State Education Department (NYSED) Interval Health History for Athletics to be completed prior to beginning a sport season or workout.


Finally, the law requires any student who has signs and symptoms of pending SCA be removed from athletic activity until seen by a physician. The physician must provide written clearance to the school for the student to be able to return to athletics.

Please contact the State Education Department’s Office of Student Support Services for questions at studentsupportservices@nysed.gov or 518-486-6090

 


Noncompliance

Failure to submit the NYSED Interval Health History form will result in the student-athlete not being able to participate in the sport or intramural activity until they are fully compliant. 
 

NYSED Interval Health Form 2022 NYSED Interval Health Form 2022